A ‘Triumfant’ Indo-Russian summit in Goa
India and Russia, on October 15, signed a total of 16 agreements at the 17th annual bilateral summit in the western Indian state of Goa. The deals range from defence to energy to investment, including a highly anticipated agreement for the purchase of the S-400 Triumf air defence missile defence system.
Although immediate details of the contract to buy the missile defence system are not available, it is widely believed that India will be spending over $5 billion for the systems.
New Delhi also agreed to buy three Project 11356 frigates. India has six frigates of the Talwar class, the forerunner of Project 11356, which were built at the Yantar shipyard in Kaliningrad. On a program on Indian television channel Doordarshan, former Indian Ambassador to Russia, Ajai Malhotra praised the performance of the Russian stealth frigates.
Make in India
In a boost to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Make in India’ initiative the countries agreed to jointly manufacture 200 Kamov 226T multi-use helicopters in India. “The agreements on manufacturing of Kamov 226T helicopters, construction of frigates; and acquisition and building of other defence platforms are in synergy with India’s technology and security priorities,” Narendra Modi said during a joint press conference with Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Although there were no direct references to Pakistan in the press conference, Modi said India deeply appreciated “Russia’s understanding and support of our actions to fight cross-border terrorism that threatens our entire region.” The Indian Prime Minister started the press conference with a Russian saying: “An old friend is better than two new ones.”
Energy and infrastructure
Russia and India also signed major energy and infrastructure deals.
Russian oil major Rosneft, along with its partners, bought India’s Essar Oil in an all-cash deal, which is valued at almost $13 billion.
This is the largest ever foreign acquisition in India and the largest outbound deal ever made by a Russian company, according to Reuters.
Rosneft gets a 49 per cent stake in Essar Oil and the two partners, Netherlands-based Trafigura and a Russian fund United Capital Partners, will hold another 49 per cent in equal parts. Minority shareholders will hold the remaining 2 per cent once the company is delisted.
Russia also agreed to step up investment in India’s infrastructure. The Russian Direct Infrastructure Fund and India’s National Infrastructure Investment Fund will each invest $500 million to create a joint $1 billon infrastructure fund for India. Russia has set up similar investment funds with China, including an agricultural fund in the Russian Far East.
Russian companies will also invest in smart cities in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Haryana.
The Indian and Russian Railways signed a memorandum of understanding to increase the speed of trains between Nagpur and Secunderabad.
Launch of Kudankulam 3 and 4
Via videoconferencing, Putin and Modi dedicated the second unit and launched the work for the third and fourth units of the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project.
Putin began his speech at the joint press conference by congratulating all those responsible for the success of the Kudankulam plant.
“Nuclear energy will make a very significant contribution to the energy security of India,” Putin said. “It will give an additional impetus to the growth of the Indian economy.”
The Russian President added that his country would continue to promote the further development of nuclear energy in India. “In the next 20 years, at least another 12 nuclear reactors could be built in India with Russian assistance,” Putin said.
Putin also praised the economic cooperation between the countries. “Industries of both countries are improving cooperation; military and technical cooperation is also improving,” he said.
Major gains from summit
“These agreements demonstrate that for the Indo-Russian relations, military technologies and energy sector are the main fields where we can have long term cooperation,” Petr Topychkanov, South Asia expert and Associate in the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Non-Proliferation Program told RIR.
He added that India would benefit immensely from the acquisition of the S-400. “In the regional context the S-400 air-defence system is strategic. It will allow India to control all the air space of Pakistan.”
On the energy deals, which also included a deal by Gazprom to increase engagement with India, Topychkanov said Russia was slowly opening its energy sector for India. “In other economic and political circumstances Russia would hardly agree on that, since its main focus was on the West before the Georgian and Ukrainian crises. But now Moscow has to be more flexible. India is one of the most natural partners in the field of energy.”
He added that Russia and India needed to go beyond traditional fields of cooperation. “I believe now, that the most efficient way to do that is to use military-technology and energy cooperation for actively engaging private companies, and to expand existing contacts between Russian and Indian companies to dual-use and civil technologies and products.”
Both Modi and Putin will hold bilateral meetings with other BRICS leaders on Oct. 15 before attending the main BRICS summit.