Radars to help National Guard ‘see’ through walls
The Federal National Guard Troops Service (FSVNG) will soon be equipped with unique portable radars that can detect people even through thick walls. This will allow the special forces to locate terrorists not only inside buildings, but also in disguised bunkers and underground tunnels. It would also be an effective tool in disaster rescue situations.
The latest Stenovizor RO-900 radar, developed by the Logis-Geotech Group of Companies, is able to determine the location of a moving person from a distance of up to 21 metres, being able to “see” through several brick or concrete walls, up to a total thickness of 60 cms. This will allow soldiers of the Russian National Guard to detect terrorists at a safe distance, not only indoors, but also behind walls, defining their trajectory of movement. Even militants who are motionless can be detected by the radar through their breathing. The Stenovizor is very compact, weighing less than one kilogram.
“The Stenovizor RO-900 has already passed all the tests, confirming all its performance characteristics, and is now being delivered to a Russian special forces unit,” Igor Vedeneev, Head of Reconnaissance Engineering at Logis-Geotech GC, told Izvestia. “Next year, we will begin supplying Stenovizor radars to the Russian National Guard. The Interior Ministry and other security agencies have expressed interest in this product. The Ministry of Emergency Situations is especially interested in this radar, planning to use them to find and rescue people trapped under debris.”
The Stenovizor RO-900 operates on the principles of a ground penetrating radar (GPR) locator, which is able to send out radio waves, not only through the air, but also through the earth and the walls of buildings, and register all the reflections coming from obstacles.
The radar unit looks similar to an ordinary radio, without the antenna. It is equipped with a 3.5 inch colour display, which shows real-time radar reconnaissance results. The data is displayed in the form of moving diagonal red stripes – the vertical direction of the screen displays information about the distance over which a person has moved, while the horizontal direction displays the time during which he made the manoeuvre.
The radar also detects repetitive small-amplitude motion, helping it to detect the expansion of the chest while breathing in, or a heartbeat. The radar takes barely 20 seconds to analyse the received data and displays the information about hidden people on the display as a horizontal blue line.
Experts believe that the Stenovizor will provide great assistance during battle, or counter-terrorist operations in urban areas.
“Carrying out such operations in the city, in general, requires non-standard approaches to exploration and intelligence gathering,” Leonid Karyakin, administrator of the Internet project Courage 2004 told Izvestia. “Often it is impossible to accurately determine the number of intruders entrenched in a building during an assault, leading to great losses among security personnel. The situation becomes even more aggravated when terrorists take hostages, making it impossible to carry out exploration using robots or drones.”
Karyakin said special units of NATO countries now use the ‘through-the-wall tactical vision’ systems in such situations.
“These are small radars that can determine the number of people behind the wall, as well as their locations,” said the expert. “But even this solution has several drawbacks – their radars can only “shine” through one wall, and do not detect lurking persons.”
This Russian invention is therefore unique, and can provide significant advantages to Russian security officials.
First published in Russian by Izvestia.