Across Kamchatka on foot: To see the unknown, wild side
Bystrinsky Park is the largest and the least visited sanctuary in Kamchatka. It is best known for its reindeer breeders, who live and work in the tundra of central Kamchatka. There are no erupting volcanoes, geysers or huge spawning streams here, but the local landscapes are spectacular and unrivalled by any other in Russia or the world.
A journey to the heart of the peninsula
Our work started in Esso, the administrative centre of the district. Our first task was to find a path to Lake Blyudtse ("Saucer"), located on one of the Kozyrevsky Range peaks. We spent five days climbing the ridges, enduring stormy winds, making our way through impassable thickets of Siberian dwarf pines, descending from cliffs and following bear trails, which led to inevitable encounters with some of Kamchatka’s most famous residents.
Click on the map to check Kamchatka's gems off the beaten path
Like other Kamchatkan ranges, the Kozyrevsky Mountains were literally pushed out of the ground by volcanic activity. At altitudes of 1,500-2,000 metres above sea level, they are relatively low, but the surrounding landscapes are much lower. Standing on the ridge, it appears as though all of Kamchatka from east to west is on view: Klyuchevskaya Sopka and the adjacent volcanoes on the Pacific coast, the Sredinny Range close to the Sea of Okhotsk and the Anaun volcano, which is the geographical centre of the peninsula.
Fending off bears with a vuvuzela
After the hike to Lake Blyudtse, our group headed to the southwestern cordon of the park. After two months of continuous trekking, we spent a couple of days at the base camp before setting off on the road again. We trailed a ring route around the Ichinsky volcano by crossing the Zapadny ("western") glacier, marked a path to Lake Ketachan and discovered a new tourist attraction – a tiny turquoise lake within an ancient lava stream. Our only means of communication was a tracker, our menu was limited to grains and canned meat, our sole references were old Soviet military maps and our only protection against bears were soccer vuvuzelas and a single flare pistol.
Source: Tatiana Morina
The Ketachan Cordon is located 120 kilometres away from the nearest settlement and only 16 kilometres from the gold works on the Aga River. It is a land of marshes, huge plants and highland tundra with plenty of berries and mushrooms in the summer. One of the brightest impressions was an ascent to an isolated lake at the foot of the dormant Ichinsky volcano; from the lake we climbed its neighbour, the Severny Cherpuk volcano. The edge of the caldera overlooks the red-and-green waterless tundra, which was smoothened by a powerful lava flow 300 years ago.
During one of the trips, we discovered a stream blocked by glossy black obsidian. Another trip was memorable for chasing salmon with our hands and cooking up a spontaneous feast. During the third trip we almost lost a few people crossing a whitewater river and barely managed to scare away an overly curious bear from our camp. During the last trip, we came across a group of reindeer breeders and enjoyed a cup of tea and a fascinating conversation with a ‘chum’ keeper who feeds and houses her family in the highland tundra.
Source: Tatiana Morina
She lives with three grown male herders and six grandchildren – the youngest has never gone down from the mountains to meet other people.
How to plan a wild vacation on the Pacific coast
After Lake Ketachan, we were sent to the base camp of the Klyuchevskaya Park to help the administration with tourist accommodations. Good weather is rare here, so most tourists leave after seeing a fragment of the caldera of Plosky Tolbachik – which erupted three years ago – and walking through the fog along a path made on a fresh lava field. We were lucky: We had enough time to wait for a fine day, so we climbed to the top, making detours to see the fumaroles, lava caves and hot lava vents, took a close look at the eruption of the Klyuchevskaya Sopka and returned to the base across cinder fields.
It was not until then that we realized that detailed maps and freedom of travel are the highlights of being a volunteer in Kamchatka.
Source: Tatiana Morina
Shortly before our departure, the park administration gave me some time off and, together with my travel companion, a Belorussian zoologist, we hitchhiked to Ust-Kamchatsk – another destination largely disregarded by tourists.
The settlement is located near one of Kamchatka's most active volcanoes, Shiveluch, which regularly sprays tons of ash in its vicinity. Our route followed the ocean’s coast to Kamchatsky Cape, where the Pacific Ocean meets the Bering Sea. Three days in a hunter's cabin on the ocean’s shore surrounded by ring seals, sea lions, hundreds of snow crabs and incessant bears was certainly an impressive finale to my Kamchatka journey.